What is Dengue Fever: Symptoms, Prevention, and Treatment

Dengue fever is the viral infection, which is spread by mosquitoes, has become a major public health concern. Understanding dengue is essential for preserving our health and the health of our loved ones because of its quick spread and potentially catastrophic effects. This article will cover the causes, signs, symptoms, and potential preventative and therapeutic measures for dengue fever.

What Is Dengue Fever: Symptoms, Prevention, And Treatment

What is Dengue Fever?

Infected Aedes mosquitoes, primarily Aedes aegypti, largely spread the dengue virus through their bites, causing dengue fever. This disease is more prevalent in nations with hotter climates due to the presence of these insects in tropical and subtropical areas. There are four different sterotypes of the virus, and contracting one of them confers lifetime immunity to that particular strain but only transient immunity to the other three. This implies that a person may contract dengue fever more than once, and successive infections may result in more serious consequences.

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Typically, 4 to 10 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito, dengue fever symptoms show up. The typical signs include:

1. High fever

2. Severe headache

3. Pain behind the eyes

4. Joint and muscle pain

5. Nausea and vomiting

6. Skin rash

Mild bleeding, such as nosebleeds or gum bleeding

Dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome, which can result in bleeding, organ failure, and even death, can develop in severe cases of dengue.

What to do if you have dengue symptoms

If you suspect you have dengue symptoms or have been exposed to the virus, seeking medical attention is crucial. Go see a general medicine doctor right away for an accurate diagnosis and treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment can lessen problems and increase your chances of making a full recovery.

Prevention of Dengue Fever

Controlling the mosquito population and avoiding mosquito bites are the first steps in preventing dengue disease. Here are some precautions to take into account:

1. Apply insect repellent to exposed skin and clothing, especially during periods of high mosquito activity.

2. Wear Protective Clothing: To reduce exposed skin when outside, wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, socks, and closed-toe shoes.

3. Eliminate Breeding Sites: Because mosquitoes need standing water to grow, empty, clean, or cover any buckets, flowerpots, or old tires that might collect rainwater.

4. Use Mosquito Nets: Sleep under mosquito nets, particularly if you reside in or are visiting places where dengue disease is prevalent.

5. Avoid being outside at dawn and dusk when mosquitoes are most active by staying indoors.

6. Install screens on your windows and doors to keep mosquitoes out of your house. Screen windows and doors.

Is dengue fever contagious?

The direct transmission of dengue fever is not possible. The main method of transmission is by bites from infected Aedes mosquitoes, most often Aedes aegypti. An Aedes mosquito becomes a dengue virus carrier when it bites a person who has the disease. The infection can then be spread to other people by the mosquito biting them.

Treatment for Dengue Fever

There isn’t a single antiviral remedy for dengue fever as of yet. To reduce the pain brought on by the infection, symptomatic therapy is necessary. Following are some ways to treat dengue:

1. Keep Hydrated: To avoid dehydration, consume plenty of fluids, including water, oral rehydration treatments, and drinks high in electrolytes.

2. Rest: Sleep well to aid your body in battling the infection.

3. Painkillers: Over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol, can alleviate discomfort and reduce fever. It’s important to avoid combining non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDs) and aspirin due to the potential risk of increased bleeding.

4. Medical Attention: If you think you may have dengue fever, get checked out right away. Early detection and treatment can reduce problems and increase the likelihood of a full recovery.


In areas where Aedes mosquitoes are prevalent, dengue disease poses a serious threat to public health. For your own and the community’s protection, it is crucial to be knowledgeable about the signs, causes, and possible treatments. We can all work together to lower the prevalence of dengue fever and its potentially serious consequences by actively managing mosquito populations and observing preventive guidelines.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can dengue be transmitted from person to person?

A. No, there is no direct human-to-human transmission of dengue fever. It can only be spread by an infected Aedes mosquito bite.

Q: Is there a vaccine for dengue?

A. There is a dengue vaccine available. However, depending on the individual’s prior virus exposure and the virus serotype that is now in circulation, it may not always be effective.

Q: Can dengue recur after recovery?

A. If a person contracts a different serotype of the virus after recovering from an earlier infection, dengue may return.

Q: Can dengue fever be fatal?

A. Dengue can be fatal in severe cases, particularly if it develops into dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome. To avoid fatal effects, medical attention must be sought right away.

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